The Ipswich project and some first results are presented in Science Connection n° 53, published by Belspo. The article provides a general overview of the situation of the working poor in Belgium in comparison to the surrounding countries, introduces the sectoral differences in wage inequality, the poverty risks of different worker types, and the inequalities between natives and foreigners. It concludes with a warning: the risk of in-work poverty may very quickly increase when labour market policies undergo fundamental changes, as is often called for.
Dutch (p. 25): “Keert het tij voor werkende armen in België? Benaderingen van het IPSWICH-project.”
French (p. 25): “Assiste-t-on à une inversion de tendance pour les travailleurs pauvres en Belgique? Approches du projet IPSWICH.”
In this study, Stephan Kampelmann and François Rycx provide an excellent overview of the different sources of discrimination. In one strict definition, discrimination is a different reward for equal productivity. With new estimation methods accounting for firm-level productivity, it is found that the migrant-native wage difference nearly vanishes, while the gender wage difference increases. In a final elaboration, the authors demonstrate that firm-level wage bargaining does reduce discrimination.
The article is published in the IZA Journal of Migration. An open access discussion paper can be downloaded here.
In this working paper, Jeroen Horemans explores the differences in poverty risks for part-time workers and temporary workers. EU-SILC data is used to make a revealing international comparison: both types of workers pose different poverty risks in different countries. In Belgium, temporary workers have are most at risk. The risk gap with full-time and permanent workers is then decomposed. Again various patterns appear, but working hours, wage, replacement incomes and the household work intensity are the main channels through which non-standard work translates into in-work poverty.
The paper can be downloaded here.